Welcome to the 2018 World Youth Economic Forum! Every summer, the brightest students from all around the globe gather together in Shanghai to learn about and develop solutions to some of the most pressing economic issues of today. As participants of the 6th annual World Youth Economic Forum, you now have the opportunity to personally engage in intellectually rigorous debates and to offer your own insights as your committees attempt to seek answers to systemic financial problems.
This year’s conference theme is “In Tandem: Shaping the Global Imperative.” Although the world is becoming increasingly interconnected, it seems as if individual government agendas have taken precedence over the development of a shared purpose to improve the state of the world. While each committee will have a different focus, each and every delegate will be tasked to construct initiatives that consider the magnitude of the global benefit. As you prepare for the upcoming committee sessions, I urge you to keep this notion of a shared narrative in mind. How can we agree to a unified approach in the midst of differing, sometimes contentious, cultural perspectives? How can we encourage the expansion of global, shared obligations such as sustainable development? How do we ensure that our solutions are not tailored to benefit a certain country?
During the conference, I hope you are enriched by the interactions with young leaders from around the globe. Moreover, I also hope that in the course of discussion, you are challenged to think about particular issues from multiple perspectives. All delegates will have prepared their own research and may bring up unique points that you may have not previously considered. Keep an open mind during the course of debate, and I promise that the discussions you engage in and the experiences you draw from them will be much more fulfilling. I am excited to see the ideas you all will bring to Shanghai and I can’t wait to meet you all in person.
|1. 呼唤新领袖：企业家如何在贫富加速分化的世界肩负社会责任？||The world is changing faster than ever, and over the past decade an unprecedented growth in entrepreneurship has developed globally. Entrepreneurship, defined as the creation of new and valuable products and companies without regard to resources, has led to the creation of notable companies such as Alibaba, TOMS Shoes, and many others. As these companies attempt to strike a balance between gaining profits and providing social good, a new, crucial question arises: To what degree do companies that strive to be both socially good and profitable fail in accomplishing one or the other. This committee will analyze what it takes to build a socially aware company in a world of increasing inequality.||2. 难民危机：人类道义与经济发展的挑战？||According to the United Nations, there are an estimated 65 million refugees currently displaced around the world. There are more refugees in 2017 than after World War 2 or at any point in record history. Our committee will look at the economic implications of conflict, forced migration, and specifically, the market impact of refugee integration on the host country labor market. Students will engage in simulations that take into account perspectives from all sides of this issue, including domestic workers, political leaders, international NGOs, and the refugees themselves. Our committee will teach delegates an exciting mix of economics, international human rights law, and history.|
|3. 中美医疗体制比较：基本权利、精英特权还是政府义务？||The focus of this Committee is health care insecurity. We will begin by analyzing the insurance and healthcare systems in China and the US. We will examine how different systems contribute to or attenuate economic imbalances, health outcomes, and levels of violence, education, and happiness. We will also brainstorm ideas and actions that might alleviate the adverse consequences faced by those of lower socioeconomic status, specifically by investigating why specific parts of the world have especially good or poor health outcomes. Lastly, we will explore the manners in which residents attempt to escape their health care or insurance systems.||4. 摇摇欲坠的无冕之王：信息爆炸时代传统新闻媒体路在何方？||The world of journalism has changed drastically within the last several decades. With the advent of television, the Internet, and social media, the lens through which all of us view the world has become increasingly reliant upon modern tools and ideas. Journalism has been forced to keep up, but for an art so rooted in tradition, the transition has been riddled with challenges. During the conference, we will seek answers to the pressing questions that face the world of journalism today. In a world of free information, how does journalism stand its ground as a source of truth? How can journalism filter cultural and societal biases in order to facilitate a more cohesive global community? We will take a hands-on approach to uncovering answers to these questions and simultaneously provide real-time coverage of the conference itself. All this and much more will be explored in this committee Journalism and the Media.|
|5. 盛世危言：繁荣时代的全球食物危机||As the world’s population rapidly expands, this growth exerts new and unparalleled demands on global food supplies. Food scarcity provides the potential for malnutrition, starvation, and conflicts over limited resources. In this committee, delegates face the complex challenge of combatting hunger and ensuring food security while promoting environmental sustainability, health, and economic development. Committee members will engage with real-world examples facing policymakers, and must contend with the various interests at hand as they seek innovative and effective approaches to achieving food security.||6. 黑客帝国还是天下大同：人工智能引领下的人类未来？||Human workers are feeling the pinch as machines learn new tricks. In a 2016 report, the White House predicted that automation and artificial intelligence technology will lead to millions of lost jobs. At the same time, this technology promises productivity increases that will fuel economic growth. Technology breakthroughs have also historically created jobs, sometimes by launching entire new industries.
But is this time different? Are machines getting so intelligent and powerful that only a shrinking number of workers will remain relevant? Join us as we discuss the changes that we are about to see and the policies that are called for in the age of automation.
|8. 鱼与熊掌可否兼得：经济发展与环境保护的案例学习？||Does economic development always come at the cost of environmental degradation? Economic theory argues that as nations transform from agrarian to industrial, growth is typically accompanied by rising environmental concerns. Indonesia provides but one case study of this tradeoff. In Indonesia, palm oil is king. Found in nearly 50% of all household products, palm oil is demanded worldwide, and palm oil plantations bring employment and development to rural communities. However, creating such plantations requires massive deforestation. How can developing nations like Indonesia, balance economic gain and environmental protection?||9. 传统地缘政治下的经济内涵：国际关系决策新模式||International Relations and Economics have long been closely interconnected in the globalized economic environment. Simply, the international arena does not allow countries to ignore their geopolitical interests when they make economic decisions and vice versa.
This committee will provide delegates with theoretical frameworks as a lens to fuel their arguments. By examining several case studies, we will analyze the importance of economics as an instrument in international relations as well as how international relations influence the economic decision-making. Subsequently, we will apply this acquired knowledge through simulations, where country-teams will practice the formulation and implementation of strategy by navigating political, economic, and diplomatic challenges. Simulations will focus on the interactions between countries (for example, interactions between the United States, China, and Russia over the coming decade).
|10. 高科技产业的未来：改变世界梦想背后的隐患、混乱与希望？||Facebook’s, and in truth all of Silicon Valley’s unofficial motto is “move fast and break things”. The tech industry has done both in spades. In less than 20 years, technology companies driven by an unprecedented influx of venture capital have upended the global economy. Tech companies now make up four of the top five largest public companies. Silicon Valley has changed the language of investment, from words like fundamentals and revenue to ideas like unicorns and hockey-stick growth. This committee will look at what the role of the tech industry will be in the next 20 years. Can it continue its seemingly-limitless growth, or will venture capital and technology come crashing back to earth? How will former lean and scrappy startups adapt to their new role as corporate behemoths, just like those they claimed to disrupt? What will happen to all those whose way of life has been disrupted, never to return?||11. 模拟法庭：保险纠纷||今年的中文模拟法庭将围绕一起保险诉讼案件展开。在当今社会生活中，保险扮演着举足轻重的角色，保险能够在最大程度避免风险的发生。在理论层面，与其他契约法相比，尤其是民事法，保险契约更需要被重视。在实践层面，我们将以模拟法庭的形式，介绍中美等国的庭审形式。各代表将根据己方立场进行呵护法庭规则的辩论，从而深入讨论案件的争议焦点，体会模拟法庭的魅力。|
|12. 赢在中国：模拟商业竞赛（2017 全国总决赛）||Under the simulated business environment, companies are given different challenges to solve. Top 3 teams from different region simulations come together striving for the best performing company. The one who earns the most eventually is the winner team over the year!||14. 赢在中国：模拟商业竞赛（全球邀请赛）||This Business Simulation is tailored to the students who want to gain the basic understandings of business and trade. Compared to the senior version, our elementary business simulation aims to help the aspiring business leaders and entrepreneurs of tomorrow grasp a better logistical and strategic understanding of how to run a business instead of the detailed tactics of business competition. Our future business leaders would create and make decisions on every aspect of their business from their company culture to their production needs. ASDAN always believes that “how” we learn is as important as “what” we learn and having fun is as important as learning. Without much training, this business simulation encourages you to proactively get involved in running the business and enjoy the pleasure during the learning process.|
|Elizabeth Liu is a rising junior studying Economics and Computer Science at Yale University. She's an involved member of the Yale Daily News in which she serves as the Account Executive Manager of the Business Team. During her free time, she enjoys playing board games with friends, experimenting in the kitchen, and hitting the gym to work off those extra calories. This will be her second time to serve as a Director of the WYEF, and she can't wait to see what this year's conference will have in store.||
|Matthew Keating is a rising sophomore at Harvard College, studying Government and East Asian Studies. Originally from the Washington, D.C area, Matthew has had a life long passion for politics and international relations. At Harvard he’s heavily involved with the Institute of Politics and works at both Harvard Law and the Kennedy School of Government, researching the intersection of foreign policy, national security, and negotiation theory. He’s previously worked in the United States Senate and on several local, state, and national political campaigns focusing on youth engagement. In his free time, he coordinates for several nonprofits that help refugees and asylum seekers flee persecution and integrate into their adoptive communities.|
|My name is Sukriti Mohan, and I’m a recent college graduate of Yale University, as well as a Master of Public Health candidate at the Yale School of Public Health. In my hometown of Memphis, as well as in New Haven, I’ve seen firsthand the dramatic effects that socioeconomic disparities, flawed legislation, and corruption within the for-profit sector have on health outcomes. Consequently, I’m interested in the intersection of health and policy on both the domestic and international level. I was a WYEF Director last summer, so this will be my second visit to Shanghai! I’m thrilled to get to spend more time exploring this city, its culture, and most importantly, its people.||
|Joel Bervell is a recent graduate of Yale University studying Molecular Cellular Developmental Biology on the pre-med track. Originally from the rainy city of Seattle, Joel developed a love of entrepreneurship, leadership and service throughout his time in high school. His desire for service stems from a connection to his parent’s homeland of Ghana, West Africa which has inspired him to use his privileges to give back.
At Yale, Joel continued his passion for service as Task Force Director on the Executive Committee of Yale College Council, Vice President of the Yale Leadership Institute, and co-director of an after school mentoring program called the Jones Zimmerman Academic Mentoring Program. Over his summers, Joel has had the opportunity to intern at Google in their business development department, the Urban Institute in their health policy department, and Howard University Hospital in orthopedic surgery.
Joel is looking forward to entering medical school in the future and pursuing in MD/ MBA to combine his interests in medicine and business.
|Lionel Jin is a junior at Yale majoring in Molecular Biology and Computer Science. He served as Platoon Commander in the Singapore Armed Forces, leading his team of fifty men to perform security operations. At Yale, he is Editor-in-Chief of Yale Scientific Magazine, Vice-President of the Leadership Institute, and Treasurer of European Horizons. Lionel enjoys playing the violin, loves watching musicals, and is always down to travel new places.|
|My name is Sejal Vallabh and I am a senior at Yale majoring in Economics and East Asian Studies. My WYEF committee is inspired by research I conducted in Indonesia on the economic and environmental impacts of the palm oil industry. At Yale, you can find me jogging with the Yale Club Running team, baking cakes for a student-run coffee shop, or working on my double dating app! I am thrilled to be directing a committee at WYEF 2017.||
|Vojislav Mitrovic is a 3rd-year student at Princeton University majoring in economics and minoring in political economy, finance, and diplomacy. He is originally from Serbia, and he played water polo for the Serbian national team for 7 years. He is currently the captain of the men's water polo team; a residential advisor, where he fosters an inclusive and engaging community for all students; an executive director of the Princeton's student-run yearbook agency, where he developed a business where he now leads 50+ student employees with a projected profit of $300k (it employed 6 students with a turnover of -$20k to $50k). He is also a member of the Priorities Committee of Princeton University that is an advisory board to the President of the University. It reviews the operating budget of the University and plans for its development with the Executive Vice President, the Treasurer, and 6 faculty members. Outside of his extracurricular activities, he enjoys traveling, going out and spending time with his friends.|
|Michael Fine is a rising sophomore at Harvard University, concentrating in Computer Science and Government. At school, when he’s not studying he chairs Harvard Model Congress and works with the Harvard Computer Society. Michael likes to pretend that he’s a renaissance man, having hiked the Pacific Crest Trail, attended cooking school, and coded for the Clinton campaign. In his free time Michael can be found obsessively refreshing Politico or binge-watching West world.||
First session: Delegates will receive a broad introduction into their committee topics. Directors will begin with a presentation that puts their committee topic in a global context, and introduce historical context and background information relevant to the case. Delegates will also gain a working knowledge of the key terms and concepts necessary to join an informed discussion on the topic. Directors are encouraged to begin the committee with icebreakers to make delegates more comfortable.
Second session: The Director will create a "Speakers' List". Each delegate will be given time to present his/her role in the committee and position on the current topic. Directors will elaborate on each of the roles as he/she sees fit and introduce different organizational structures and coalitions, thus providing a theoretical framework for the case study to follow.
Third & Fourth session: Directors will also introduce the case study in this session. The rest of the conference will aim to tackle the case and devise a solution. Delegates will divide into coalitions according to their assigned roles, and draft a comprehensive agreement or policy recommendation, known as a "White Paper." Directors may choose different committee formats to facilitate debate and discussion while delegates are developing their White Papers.
Fifth session: Students will present their White Papers in front of the entire committee. Time may be allotted for a brief questions and answers session.
Sixth session: If all presentations have finished, Directors may use the remaining time to debrief on the progress of the conference and play concluding games.